The African elephant species of the forest elephants and savannah elephants get new positions on the IUCN red list as critically endangered and endangered respectively.  The formerly singly identified species of the African elephant were once listed as endangered species. Due to the research taken concerning these species, these were separately identified on the new red list of threatened species.

The international union of conservation of nature is international body composed of civil society organization and government bodies. With its headquarters in Switzerland, Gland, the international union of conservation of nature and sustainable use of resources in the environment. The organization does most its analysis through collaborating with on ground bodies in field projects, education, research and data gathering,

The African elephant species has two sub species of the African forest elephant and the African savannah elephant

African forest elephant with a scientific name of (loxodonta cyclotis), is among the only two species of the African elephants. The African forest elephant is native to the Congo basin and West Africa.

With a shoulder height of 2.4 meters, the African forest elephant is the smallest elephant specie among the other species.  This species feeds of the forest’s produce of fruits, leaves, tree bark refereeing the African forest elephant as the mega gardener.   The African forest elephant was listed as critically endangered on the new red list of threatened species.

The African savannah (loxodonta Africana) is the largest terrestrial mammal with a shoulder height of 3.96 meters, with a body mass of 10.4 tons. The African savannah or (bush) elephant is home in about 37 African countries. It habitats forests, woodlands, wetlands and grasslands.

The African elephants have been threatened by a number of factors that have led to their decrease population numbers for both species. On 25 march 2021 Gland Switzerland, the ICUN highlighted new positions of different species on the red list of threatened species.

The assessment of species that led to the new level of the Africa elephant species provided that, there is a decline in the population of the African elephant species.  The African elephant species are majorly threatened by poaching. It was provided that practice of poaching led to the sharp decline of the elephant species since 2008, which peaked in 2011 from record.

Dr Bruno Oberle, IUCN Director General said, “We must urgently put an end to poaching and ensure that sufficient suitable habitat for both forest and savanna elephants is conserved”. This statement was made at the meeting of the ICUN that confirmed the grief caused by poaching, that threatens the lives and population of the African elephant species.

Habitant loss for land use and for agricultural purposes is other threat to the African forest elephants and African savannah elephant. Due to the increased human population, this has led to the increased demand for land use, for either settlement, commercial purposes for agricultural production. This has led to the displacement of the African elephant species that exposure them to more life threat that reduces their numbers.

Through the assessment of the African elephant species, it was recorded that the African savannah elephants decreased in number by 60% over the last 50 years. For the African forest elephants these decreased by 86% over the period of 31 years.

Despite the decreased numbers in the population of the African elephant species. There has been a silver lining in the conservation of the species. Anti-poaching measures across the world, has helped to fight the poaching practice. Encouragement of human wildlife co-existence among communities has also helped to reduce threat on both sides. Showing the benefits of the existence of wildlife in the local communities has helped to twist the perception of the wildlife existence as a beneficiary factor.

Effective conservation efforts have helped in maintaining and growing the population of the Africa elephant species. From the IUCN assessment in Gabon and Cong, the African forest elephants have been well conserved and protected due to the well-established conservation areas.

In Uganda, the African forest elephants are found in the protected areas, Bwindi impenetrable national park, kibale national park and Mgahinga national park.  All these national parks are located in the western region of the country. Despite these national parks being well known for habiting primates, the African elephant species can be sighted from these areas.

The African bush elephants on other side are located in the savannah parks of Uganda.  These include Queen Elizabeth national park, kidepo valley national park and Murchison falls national park..

The both threatened species can be sighted while on a Uganda wildlife safari in the various protected areas. These African species are also well protected and conserved by the various regulatory bodies. Legislation and strict have been established in Uganda foresting the conservation and protection of the African elephant species in Uganda.


Author: Love Uganda Safaris
Web Architect at Love Uganda Safaris

Leave a Reply