Dian Fossey was born in the city of San Francisco, California in the year of 1932. She grew up with only her mother and step dad because they broke up when she was a baby (divorced) her step father took her in raised her as her own daughter. By all accounts she was an excellent student and she had passion for animals from a very young age. At the age of 6, she started horse riding lesson in her primary school and when she advanced to high school she gained experience and she engaged in the horse riding competition where she earned a letter on the school riding team.

When Dian Fossey joined college, she applied for business studies, she chose to focus on business at Marin Junior College, and this was because she was motivated and inspired by her step dad, who was a very wealthy businessman. She used to while at school and at the age of 19 on the summer break, she could go and stay at the ranch in Montana, where she used to assist with farm land work and taking care of animals. At the ranch she fell in love and developed attachment with the animals but unfortunately within a short period of time she contracted the chicken pox disease and she was forced to leave the ranch very early for treatment.

Due to the strong attachment to the animals, her experience at the ranch she was forced her to follow her dream to save animals and she returned to school where she applied for the course of pre-veterinary doctor at the University of California. Like any other student, she faced challenges with some course units like physics, chemistry course which were quite challenging, and ultimately, she turned her focus to a degree in occupational therapy at the college of san Jose, from where she graduated in 1954.

After graduation, Fossey interned in various hospitals in California, working with the tuberculosis patients and crippled patients. After less than one year she was hired to work as a director of the occupational therapy department at kosair crippled children hospital where she enjoyed working with the people of Kentucky. She lived in outside the city on a farm still where the owner encouraged her to work with the animals and she enjoyed the experience on the farm.

Fossey enjoyed her experience on the farm, but she dreamed of seeing more of the world and its abundant wildlife. Fossey had a friend who had travelled to Africa for a vacation and brought pictures of the wild animals in their habitat and this inspired Fossy and she decided that she must travel there some day by herself.

Fossey spent many more years longing to travel to Africa and realized that if her dream were to be fulfilled, she would have to take matters into her own hands. Therefore in 1963, Fossey took out a bank loan and began planning to travel to the African continent. She hired a driver by mail and prepared to set off to the land of her dreams.


In September 1963, Dian Fossey arrived in Kenya in east Africa to fulfill her life dream which took all her life savings and a bank loan to make it to Africa. Her trip included a visit to Kenya, Tanzania, Congo, and Zimbabwe. She was served by john alexander a British hunter who was her tour guide to all the three countries. The route he planned included Tsavo, the Africa’s largest national park, the saline lake of manyara, famous for attracting giant flocks of flamingos and the Ngoro Ngoro crater, well known for the abundant wildlife.

She as well visited the Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania the archeological site of Louis and Mary Leakey and Mt. Mikeno in Congo, where in 1959 American zoologist DR. George Schaller carried out a pioneering study of the mountain gorilla. Dr. George was the first person to carry out study of the mountain gorillas, and his efforts created the way for the research that would become Dian Fossey life time work.


When Dian Fossey visited the Oldvai Gorge she got chance to interact with Dr. Louis Leakey who was a zoologist and the experience that Dian got was later a turning point moment in her life. During the visit, Dr. leaky told Dian about the Goodalls work with chimpanzees in Tanzania, which at the moment was only in its third year, he also shared with her his long term beliefs and studies with the great apes. Fossey as well shared her passion with animals to the doctor and this impressed him and told her about the ongoing project about chimpanzees in Rwanda, this made Fossey to pick interest and took a deal to be park of the research. After her trip she returned to California and later on returned to Africa to fulfill her dream.

In December 1966, Dian Fossey was again on her trip to Africa, she arrived in Nairobi and with the help of Joan Root, and she acquired the necessary provisions. She set off for Congo in an old canvas topped land rover named lily, that dr. leaky had purchased for her. On the way Dian made a stopover to visit the gombe stream research Centre to meet Jane Goodall and observe her research methods with .


Following the various visits to Africa, Dian Fossey decided to stay in volcanoes national park of Rwanda, protecting wildlife such as mountain gorillas where she established a research facility and she played a big part in fighting poachers, the encroachers by herds of cattle through unorthodox methods, wearing masks to scare poachers, burning snares, spray painting cattle to discourage herders from bringing them back into the park and on occasion, taking on poachers directly, forcing confrontation. She went on a head and used her own funds to purchase boots, uniforms for the park wardens, and increased their wages so as to do the work more effective on the protecting of the national park hence this led to the emergency of the anti-poaching strict laws.


Digit was name of the friendly gorilla, in the course of the research Dian, established herself a true friend of the mountain gorilla which she established a strong bond with. This gorilla was roughly 5 years old and living in group of four when she encountered it in 1967. It was a very playful and joyful animal. But unfortunately on December 31, 1977, digit was killed by poachers; he got killed trying to defend his group, allowing them to escape safely. He was stabbed multiple times and his head and hands were severely injured. Eventually there would be more deaths, including that of the dominant silver back uncle Bert, and group 4 would disband.it was then that dian declared war against the poachers. From there digit has served as an icon for the park and his pictures that were captured by Bob Campbell are famous and serve as an official representative of the park appearing.


Dian was found dead in her cabin on the morning of 27th, December, 1985. She was struck twice on the head and face with a machete. There was evidence of forced entry but no signs that robbery had been the motive. The theory of her murder has been not varied but has never resolved until today, she was laid to rest behind her cabin at Karisoke in volcanoes national park of Rwanda, next to her beloved friend digit.








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